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The Gaming Table by Andrew Steinmetz, Volume II

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Casino Gambling in history


Piquet is said to have derived its name from that of its
who contrived it to amuse Charles VI. of France. The game was
played with thirty two cards, that is, discarding out of the pack
all the deuces, treys, fours, fives, and sixes. Regular
piquet-packs were sold. In reckoning up the points, every card
counted for its value, as ten for ten, nine for nine, and so on
down to seven, which was, of course, the lowest; but the ace
reckoned for eleven. All court cards reckoned for ten. As in
other games, the ace won the king, the king the queen, and so on,
to the knave, which won the ten. The cards were dealt at option
fours, threes, or twos, to the number of twelve, which was the
hand--'discarding' being allowed; but both the dealer and he that
led were OBLIGED to discard at least one card, let their game be
ever so good. When the cards were played out, each counted his
tricks; and he that had most reckoned 10 for winning the cards;
if the tricks were equal, neither reckoned at all. He who,
without playing (that is, according to the various terms of the
game), could reckon up 30 in hand, when his antagonist reckoned
nothing, scored 90 for them; this was called a repic; and all
above 30 counted so many,--32 counting 92, and so on. He who
could make up 30, part in hand and part by play, before the other
made anything, scored 60; this was called a pic.

The game was also played as pool precisely according to the rules
briefly sketched as above, the penalty for losing being a guinea
to the pool.

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